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Invasive Exotic Species Strategic Action Framework

The Everglades is recognized both nationally and internationally as one of the world's most unique natural and cultural resources and is also the focus of the world's largest ecosystem restoration effort. Florida and the Everglades ecosystem is especially vulnerable to the introduction, invasion, and establishment of non-native species because of its subtropical climate, the existence of major ports of entry, and the large-scale pet, aquarium, and ornamental plant industries active in the region. Combating invasive exotic species is integral to successful ecosystem restoration and to the sustainability of south Florida.


Objective 1A: Prepare for and prioritize prevention efforts.


Objective 1B: Prevent entry of invasive exotic species.


Objective 2A: Prepare and monitor to enhance early detection.


Objective 2B: Ensure rapid assessment of newly detected species.


Objective 2C: Rapidly respond to identified threats.


Objective 3A: Utilize existing control tools to contain invasive exotic species.

  • Strategy 3A1: Implement best management practices to prevent the inadvertent spread of invasive exotic species.
  • Priority Strategy 3A2: Implement control efforts at containment boundaries and known pathways.
  • Strategy 3A3: Retreat or reassess areas to ensure containment of invasive exotic species.
  • Strategy 3A4: Develop an EDRR approach outside containment areas that eliminates incipient populations.
  • Strategy 3A5: Enforce existing laws regarding transporting and releasing invasive exotic species to prevent spread.


Objective 3B: Improve effectiveness of containment efforts on invasive exotic species populations.

  • Priority Strategy 3B1: Invest in science-based containment methods.
  • Strategy 3B2: Assess effectiveness of containment efforts and adapt to improve success.
  • Strategy 3B3: Standardize containment efforts through enhanced coordination.
  • Strategy 3B4: Improve public awareness of the need for ongoing containment efforts.
Click or tap any of the goals to expand them.


Objective 4A: Reduce population and extent of established invasive exotic species through Integrated Pest Management approaches.

  • Strategy 4A1: Implement best management practices to prevent the inadvertent spread of invasive exotic species.
  • Strategy 4A2: Implement control efforts at containment boundaries and known pathways.


Objective 4B: Reduce impacts of invasive exotic species through restoration of native habitats and species.

    Strategy 4B1: Support efforts to increase the total spatial extent of natural areas and restore natural hydrology.
  • Strategy 4B2: Coordinate invasive exotic species management with restoration activities to prevent degradation of habitat.
  • Strategy 4B3: Reintroduce populations of extirpated and rare species, and augment existing populations where appropriate, to improve native plant and animal species abundance and diversity.
  • Strategy 5B4: Recover ecological and natural system functions and ecosystem services.


Objective 4C: Improve effectiveness of long-term management efforts on invasive exotic species populations.

Figure: The Invasion Curve and Goals. Adapted from Invasive Plants and Animals Policy Framework, Victoria Australia. Remastered for online use by the Office of Everglades Restoration Initiatives, 2015.
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